IBS is a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract that affects the large intestine and is characterized by a group of symptoms that include abdominal pain, cramping, diarrhea, and/or constipation. However, it's a diagnosis of exclusion, which means that Dr. Nauman will look for all other causes of abdominal pain that need to be looked at and ruled out.
The causes of IBS are not well understood. However, certain triggers are believed to cause or worsen flare-ups. These include:
IBS and many other abdominal problems are treated with lifestyle and dietary changes, and sometimes medication. Avoiding trigger foods, drinking plenty of liquids, taking fiber supplements, exercising, and using stress management techniques are usually first-line treatment recommendations.
Gastroenteritis is one of the common causes of abdominal pain in children. The cause is usually a virus spread through contaminated food or water or contact with someone who is infected. Frequent hand washing is the best prevention. Symptoms of gastroenteritis commonly include:
Fever and chills
The most worrisome complication of gastroenteritis is dehydration, especially among babies and children. Fluids lost through diarrhea and vomiting need to be replaced.
Colic is characterized by abdominal pain and excessive crying in infants, usually under the age of 4 months. While the exact cause isn’t known, there are a number of theories. One is that colic is due to an imbalance of healthy bacteria in the intestines of infants. The good news is that while 10-20% percent of infants suffer from colic, it usually resolves spontaneously by the age of 4 months and doesn’t cause any lasting damage.
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